Mohammad Yousuf

Mohammad Yousuf

Mohammad Yousuf

Dr. Yousuf received his Ph.D. in Condensed Matter Physics from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1985 and was a Visiting Professor in the The George Washington University, Department of Mechanical Engineering since 2001 to 2004. He has been teaching physics part-time at the university level since 1996. In 2001, he retired as Programme Leader of Advanced Materials Laboratory, ending a career of more than 25 years in condensed matter physics research. Dr. Yousuf has authored or co-authored over 250 publications, more than 150 of which are published in refereed scientific journals. He is a member emeritus of Indian Physical Society, AIRAPT International Conference on High Pressure Science and Technology and in 1987 was elected Fellow of the Indian Physical Society.

In 1985, he received the prestigious INSA Young Scientist Lecture Award, and in 1986, he received the prestigious IPS Young Scientist Award. In 2000, he was given Science and Technology Award for developing Diamond Anvil Cell, a device to generate megabar pressure on microgram sample. In 1998, Academic Press invited Dr. Yousuf to write a review article on the Diamond Anvil Cell.

Dr. Yousuf was a key member of the team that developed the Imaging plate system, a two dimensional X-ray and neutron detector. Undeterred by the peers' doubt and criticism that he would fail and thanks to the IGCAR management's unbound encouragement, at Kalpakkam, Dr. Yousuf set up a unique and world class high pressure X-ray laboratory that has a focused brilliance and intensity matching the synchrotron radiation source in that diamond anvil cell crystallography can be done to megabar pressure. In recognition to the realization of his novel idea and his efforts, in 1997, he was nominated for the S S Bhatnagar Award. Using crystallographic techniques, he has solved many complex structures. In 2003, Applied Physics Journal invited Dr. Yousuf to write a review article on clathrate hydrates of natural gases, a potential renewable source of energy, abundantly available in the sea-bed. His current interest is in discovering the scientific facts in the verses of the Glorious Qur'an, and presently he is writing a book: Qur'an and the musings of a scientist

Research Interest

  • Instrumentation and Techniques: Extreme Pressure and Temperature, High Pressure, High Pressure-High Temperature, Diamond Anvil Cell and X-ray Crystallography, Imaging Plate System for X-ray Crystallography
  • Condensed Matter Physics: Gas Hydrates, Nano-Crystal, Quantum Dots, Nano Wire, Nano Rod, Nano Tube, Multilayers, clusters, Thin Film, Fullerenes, Luminescent Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics Under Pressure: Intermetallics, Semiconductors, Insulators, Quasi-Crystals, Crystalline and Amorphous Alloys, Shape Memory Alloys, Ferromagnetic materials, Organic Materials, Defect Solid State
  • Condensed Matter Physics Under Pressure: Actinides, Lanthanides
  • Condensed Matter Physics Under Extreme Pressure and Temperature: Structure-property correlation 

Education

         Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1985 

  • Ph.D. in Condensed Matter Physics
  • Dissertation “Pressure as a parameter in the study of electrical resistivity and defects  

         Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay, 1977 

  • 20th Batch of BARC Training School 

         Bihar University, Muzaffarpur, 1976 

  • Master of Science in Physics, Honorable mention for All India National Merit Scholarship
  • Bachelor of Science in Physics, Honorable mention for All India National Merit Scholarship 

Research and Professional Experience

  • Research work at The George Washington University, Washington DC focused on the structural investigations of natural minerals of clathrate hydrates and Nano-Crystalline Materials
  • Post Doctoral Research work at The National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba was focused on the study of pressure induced behavior of quasicrystals, Honorable mention for Japanese Science and Technology Award to Foreign Specialists.
  • Research work at The Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy was directed at the structural studies of intermetallic compounds at extreme pressures of megabar
  • Research work at The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam centered on setting up the high-pressure program to study actinides under extreme conditions
  • Doctoral Thesis work focused on hardware development for performing high pressure−high temperature electrical resistivity experiments in an opposed anvil high pressure device. The device was used to study the role of magnetic transition in ferromagnetic materials as a function of pressure and to study the role pressure in delineating the defects in solid state, especially the actinides

Positions Held

  • George Washington University, Washington DC, May 2001-April 2006: Faculty
  • Naval Research Laboratory, United States Navy, May 2001-April 2006: Research Scientist
  • The National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan, January 1989-April 1989: Research Scientist
  • The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam August 1977-April 2001: Scientific Officer, Programme Leader

Teaching Experience

University of Pondicherry, Spring 2000-2001 

  • Course to the Faculty Members of South India Universities - Condensed Matter Physics under Pressure 

University of Burdwan, West Bengal, Fall 1999 

  • Course to the Faculty Members of East India Universities - Pressure as a parameter in the study of Semiconductors 

Anna University, Chennai, 1991-1999 

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Academic Publications

Refereed Scientific Journals

        Link: Publications

 Invited Conference Papers, Deputations

        Link: Invited Talks, Deputations  

Non-Refereed Technical Reports and Working Papers

        About a dozen IGC Reports and IGC Newsletter Invited Contributions. 

Citations

          Link: Citations

Other Publications/Books

  • Proceedings of “Photostimulated Luminescence and its applications'' Editors: K Govinda Rajan, Mohammad Yousuf, N Subramanian, R Kesavamoorthy, and AR Lakshmanan Publishers: Allied Publishers, Madras, 1996
  • Advances in High Pressure Science & Technology: Proceedings of the IV National Conference on High Pressure Science & Technology Editors: Mohammad Yousuf, N Subramanian, and K Govinda Rajan Publisher: Universities Press, Hyderabad, 1997

Fellowships, Honors and Awards

 Major Academic Awards 

Major Academic Awards 

  • National Merit Scholarship, 1971 (During Graduation),
  • National Merit Scholarship, 1973 (During Post-Graduation)
  • Science and Technology Award for Foreign specialists, 1989 (During Post-Doctoral Fellowship) 

Major Academic Membership/Fellowship 

  • AIRAPT International Conference on High Pressure Science and Technology
  • American Physical Society
  • Indian Physics Association
  • Indian Physical Society

Professional Services

 Programme Committees 

  • Programme Leader at Advanced Materials Laboratory (up to 2001)
  • GWU User Committee Co-coordinator at Argonne National Laboratory (from 2002 to 2004) 

Academic Committees 

  • Emeritus Member of Promotion / Selection Committees in DAE
  • Emeritus Member of National Advisory Committees for Conferences, Symposia, Seminars
  • Emeritus Member of Advisory Committee, AIRAPT International Conference on High Pressure Science & Technology
  • Emeritus Member of Organizing Committee, National Conference on High Pressure Science & Technology
  • Emeritus Convener of National Conference on High Pressure Science & Technology
  • Programme Leader at Advanced Materials Laboratory (up to 2001)
  • GWU User Committee Co-coordinator at Argonne National Laboratory (2002-2004) 

Refereeing for International Journals 

  • Journal of Physics & Chemistry of Solids
  • Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
  • Thin Solid Films
  • Materials Chemistry & Physics
  • Solid State Communications
  • Bulletin Materials Science
  • Pramana
  • Current Science
  • Applied Physics Letters
  • Applied Physics A 

Leadership 

  • Established Condensed Matter Physics Laboratory
  • Led the team in the development of Diamond Anvil Cell and realized the dream project: Crystallography at megabar in a focusing geometry
  • Key member of the team in setting up the beamline at Indus2 

Significant Contributions

           Link: Significant Contributions 

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